The Turkish Fr (Abies nordmanniana) is an evergreen conifer tree native to Turkey, Georgia, and the Caucasus Mountains. It is a large tree, typically reaching heights of 130 to 200 feet (40 to 60 meters) with a narrow, conical crown.
The needles of the Turkish fir are flat and about 1 inch (2.5 cm) long, arranged in a spiral pattern around the twig. They are a dark green color on top, with two white stripes on the underside. The cones of the Turkish fir are also distinctive, with a purplish color and a cylindrical shape that is about 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) long. The cones are held upright on the tree, making them easy to see.
The bark of the Turkish fir is smooth and grayish-brown, with resin blisters that give it a bumpy texture. The wood is relatively strong and durable, and is commonly used for lumber, pulp, and Christmas trees.
The Turkish fir is a popular Christmas tree, appreciated for its symmetrical shape, attractive foliage, and long-lasting needles. It is also used in landscaping as a specimen tree, and is sometimes planted in forests for timber production. The tree is adaptable to a wide range of soils and climates, but prefers well-drained soils and cooler temperatures. The Turkish fir is generally considered to be a hardy and resilient tree, with good resistance to pests and diseases.