The Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum), is a deciduous tree that is native to North America. It is known for its stunning fall foliage and the sweet sap that can be tapped and boiled down into maple syrup.
The Sugar Maple has a dense, rounded crown and a slow to moderate growth rate. Its leaves are five-lobed and dark green in the summer, turning to a brilliant red, orange, or yellow in the fall. The bark of the Sugar Maple is grayish-brown and becomes furrowed with age.
In the early spring, the Sugar Maple produces clusters of small, yellow-green flowers that are highly attractive to pollinators. These flowers give way to winged seeds that are dispersed by the wind in the fall. The tree’s seeds are an important food source for a variety of wildlife, including birds and small mammals.
The Sugar Maple is best suited to moist, well-drained soil and full to partial sun exposure. It is relatively intolerant of drought, salt, and pollution. It can be used in a variety of landscaping applications, including as a shade tree, along roadsides, or in a mixed border.
The Sugar Maple is an important cultural and economic resource in North America, providing both maple syrup and timber. Its stunning fall foliage, important role in providing food and habitat for wildlife, and economic value make it a valuable addition to any landscape. Additionally, its slow to moderate growth rate makes it an excellent choice for gardeners and landscapers looking for a long-lived tree that will provide shade and beauty for many years.