The red pine (Pinus resinosa) is an evergreen conifer tree native to North America. It is a large tree, typically reaching heights of 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) with a straight, cylindrical trunk and a pyramidal crown.
The needles of the red pine are long, slender and about 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) long, arranged in bundles of two and are a bright green color. The cones of the red pine are also distinctive, with a conical shape that is about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) long. The cones are usually red or reddish-brown in color and remain on the tree for several years.
The bark of the red pine is thick, scaly and grayish-brown in color. The wood is strong, straight-grained, and durable, and is commonly used for lumber, poles, and pulp.
The red pine is a popular tree for reforestation and timber production, appreciated for its rapid growth and high-quality wood. It is also sometimes used for landscaping and windbreaks. The tree is adaptable to a wide range of soils and climates, but prefers sandy or rocky soils and full sun. The red pine is generally considered to be a hardy and resilient tree, with good resistance to pests and diseases.