Norway spruce (Picea abies) is a large evergreen tree that is native to Europe and parts of Asia. It is widely planted as an ornamental tree and is also important for forestry and as a Christmas tree.
The bark of Norway spruce is thin, scaly, and grayish-brown in color. It becomes deeply furrowed with age and may develop a reddish tinge.
The needles of Norway spruce are short and stiff, typically measuring about 1.5-3 cm (0.6-1.2 inches) in length. They are dark green in color and are arranged in a spiral pattern around the twig.
The cones of Norway spruce are large and cylindrical, typically measuring 10-20 cm (4-8 inches) in length. They are usually light brown in color and may have a slightly curved shape.
Norway spruce is a fast-growing tree that can reach heights of 40-60 meters (130-200 feet) and has a conical shape with a dense crown. It is well adapted to a wide range of soil types and can tolerate cold temperatures and high elevations.
In addition to its use as an ornamental tree and as a Christmas tree, Norway spruce is also important for timber production and is commonly used for paper pulp, construction lumber, and as a wood fuel.
Overall, Norway spruce is a hardy and versatile tree that is valued for its rapid growth, adaptability to various climates and soil types, and usefulness in a variety of commercial applications.