The Nikko Fir (Abies homolepis), also known as the Japanese fir, is an evergreen conifer tree native to Japan. It is a medium-sized tree, typically reaching heights of 50 to 80 feet (15 to 24 meters) with a narrow, conical crown.
The needles of the Nikko fir are short and flat, about 0.6 to 1 inch (1.5 to 2.5 cm) long, and arranged in a spiral pattern around the twig. They are a shiny, dark green color on top, with two white stripes on the underside. The cones of the Nikko fir are also distinctive, with a purplish color and a cylindrical shape that is about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) long. The cones are held upright on the tree, making them easy to see.
The bark of the Nikko fir is smooth and grayish-brown, with shallow fissures that become more pronounced as the tree ages. The wood is relatively soft and light, and not commonly used for timber.
The Nikko fir is a popular ornamental tree, appreciated for its attractive foliage and symmetrical form. It is often grown in gardens and parks as a specimen tree, and is also used in landscaping as a hedgerow or screen. The tree is adaptable to a wide range of soils and climates, and is generally considered to be easy to grow. The Nikko fir is also known for its hardiness and resistance to pests and diseases.