Fraser fir (abies fraseri), also known as southern balsam fir, is a species of evergreen tree that is native to the Appalachian Mountains in the southeastern United States. It is highly valued as a Christmas tree and as an ornamental tree for its attractive appearance and pleasant fragrance.
The Fraser fir typically grows to a height of 30-50 feet (9-15 meters) and has a narrow, conical shape. Its needles are about 1 inch (2.5 cm) long, bluish-green in color, and arranged in a spiral pattern on the branches. The needles have two white lines on the underside, which is a distinguishing feature of the species.
The tree’s cones are about 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm) long and cylindrical, with a greenish-brown color and thin, papery scales. The cones are often found at the top of the tree and are persistent on the tree for several years.
One notable characteristic of the Fraser fir is its strong, pleasant fragrance, which is often described as a combination of citrus and spice.
Overall, the Fraser fir is a beautiful and popular tree that is prized for its ornamental value and its use as a Christmas tree. Its unique bluish-green needles, symmetrical shape, and pleasant fragrance make it a favorite of many landscapers and holiday decorators. The tree is also valued for its wood, which is used for lumber and pulpwood.