The Austrian pine (Pinus nigra) is a evergreen conifer tree native to Europe, particularly the Alps and the Balkans. It is a medium to large tree, typically reaching heights of 40 to 80 feet (12 to 24 meters) with a wide, spreading crown.
The needles of the Austrian pine are about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) long, arranged in pairs and are a dark green color. The cones of the Austrian pine are also distinctive, with a reddish-brown color and a conical shape that is about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) long. The cones hang down on the tree.
The bark of the Austrian pine is dark gray and deeply furrowed. The wood is strong, hard and durable, and is commonly used for lumber, poles, and furniture.
The Austrian pine is a popular tree for landscaping and windbreaks, appreciated for its rugged appearance and its ability to withstand harsh conditions. It is also sometimes used for Christmas trees. The tree is adaptable to a wide range of soils and climates, but prefers well-drained soils and full sun. The Austrian pine is generally considered to be a hardy and resilient tree, with good resistance to pests and diseases.